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  • How to Prevent Kidney Disease
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    Kidneys are one of the most vital organs in the human body that performs many significate functions to keep the blood clean and chemically balanced.
    There are a number of functions performed by the two kidneys in our body, such as filtering the blood to get rid of waste products of metabolism and keeping the electrolytes (sodium and potassium) and water content of the body constant, and many more.
    When the kidneys do not function properly, there are harmful toxins and excess fluids that build up in the body, which may cause kidney failure.

    Three aspects that play a crucial role in the assistance of kidney disease which are:

    • High Blood Sugar
    • High Blood Pressure
    • High Cholesterol

    Symptoms of Kidney Disease:

    Fatigue or feeling exhausted: Kidneys make a hormone called erythropoietin, which tells your body to make Red Blood Cells. As the kidneys fail, they make less EPO. With fewer red blood cells to carry oxygen to your muscles and brain, they tire very quickly.
    Feeling cold: When there are fewer RBCs in your body you tend to have anemia. Anemia gives you a cold feeling all the time, even in a warm too.
    Shortness of breath: The two reasons for shortness of breath are first, the excess fluid in the body can accumulate in the lungs, secondly, anemia also leads to this.
    Feeling dizzy: Anemia which is relatable to kidney failure causes your brain to not get enough oxygen. This case can lead to feeling faint, dizzy, or weak.
    Trouble thinking clearly: Anemia overseas to your brain is not getting enough oxygen. This can create memory crises or trouble concentrating.
    Feeling very itchy: When the kidneys fail to do their job. The build-up wastes in your blood can cause severe itching in your body.
    Swelling in hands or feet: When kidney failure happens it doesn’t remove extra fluid, that’s why it builds up in your body causing swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, and hands.
    Bulged or puffy face: This led to builds of fluid in your body affecting swelling in the face.
    Food tastes like metal: Wastes i.e. called uremia in the blood can make food taste varied and cause bad breath. It may be noticeable to you stop liking to eat flesh, or that you might be losing weight because you just don’t feel like eating something.

    Feels like pee, so getting up during the night to make urine:  The damage to the kidney may make you urinate more often, or in enormous amounts than usual, with pale urine. Also, there may be feelings of pressure or have difficulty urinating.
    Foamy and bubbly urine: The above-normal amount of protein in the urine may lead to foamy and bubbly urine.
    Upset stomach or nausea and vomiting: A terrible build-up of wastes in the blood known as uremia can also lead to nausea and vomiting.


    Prevention from Kidney Disease:


    A medication fixation along with lifestyle changes, and an early referral to a kidney specialist I.e. a nephrologist, can lessen the chances of you having or delaying kidney failure.


    Healthy lifestyle alternatives that can make you keep your Kidneys Functioning includes the following:


    • Including lots of fruit and vegetables also legumes (peas or beans) and grain-based food such as bread, pasta, noodles, and rice in your diet.
    • Including lean meat such as chicken and fish per week.
    • Generate the habit of only small amounts of salty or fatty food.
    • Drinking plenty of water rather than other drinks. Also minimizing the consumption of sugary soft drinks.
    • Maintain healthy body weight and BMI index.
    • Doing at least 30 minutes of physical workout that boosts your heart rate on three or more days of the week, including walking, terrace mowing, bike riding, swimming, or soft aerobics.
    • If you haven’t developed the habit of smoking, don’t start. And If you have determined to quit, do it now. Call any Quitline or ask your specialist for help with quitting.
    • Limiting your alcohol intake is also crucial. It is suggested not to take more than two small drinks per day if you are male, and one small drink per day if you are female.
    • Keeping a check on your blood pressure regularly is very important.
    • Invest in things that encourage you to relax and reduce your tension levels.
    • A range of medications is available for high blood pressure. Different blood pressure medications work in different ways, so it is not unusual for more than one type to be prescribed. The doses may change according to one’s wishes.


    Treatment for Kidney Disease:


    If an early indication is detected, the advancement of kidney disease can be delayed and sometimes even avoided. In the early stages of kidney disease, a slighter change to diet and medication benefits to increase the life of your kidneys.


    If the kidney function is lessened to less than 10 percent of the normal functionality, the loss of function must be restored by dialysis or a kidney transplant. Dialysis is an option of treatment for kidney failure that removes waste products and extra water from the blood by filtering it through a special membrane.




    Well, some of the patients do not realize that they have the condition until their kidney function is down to 15% of its normal capacity. By this time, they already have it and will be recommended to go for dialysis or a kidney transplant.


    Prevention relies largely on overseeing the initial stages of causes, which are diabetes and hypertension. However, there are other conditions which include kidney injury and heavy metal poisoning that can cause kidney diseases.


    People who are in danger of the circumstance or who are concerned should speak with a specialist about it. Opting for a healthy lifestyle through nutriment and exercise can also help deter kidney diseases.

    28 May 2022
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    By isic
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