Arthritis is an inflammation or swelling in one or more joints of a person’s body. There are many different types of arthritis, with different causes and methods of treatment. Age is one of the most common causes behind this ailment. Arthritis is most commonly seen in people over the age of 65. However, younger people or children can also suffer from it.
Cases of arthritis are more common in women and overweight people.
Unbearable pain in the joints is the most common symptom of arthritis. However, a person may get other symptoms as well, including, stiffness of joints, swelling or tenderness of joints, redness, and even decreased range of motion.
The medical experts have reported that out of hundreds of different kinds of arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are most commonly found in people.
Talking about osteoarthritis, it involves the wear and tear of your joint’s cartilage. In common words, cartilage is a hard coating at the bone’s end where a joint is formed.
Osteoarthritis can be caused by the degradation of joints over years or by some underlying infection.
It can affect the joint by deteriorating the tissue that connects muscles to the bones.
The other most common type of arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis. In this case, the immune system of the body attacks the lining of joints, causing inflammation and swelling. This can lead to the deterioration of bone and cartilage within the joint.
Many lifestyle factors play a huge role when it comes to determining if the person is at risk of suffering from arthritis and hence altering them can prevent the ailment.
Maintaining a healthy weight: Every 4.5 kgs of body weight gained will increase your chance of catching osteoarthritis by 36 percent. Hence maintaining a healthy weight is very necessary
Eating a balanced diet: Inculcating your diet with food rich in antioxidants such as fruits, herbs, and vegetables is helpful.
Regular exercising: To keep your joints flexible and healthy, regular exercising is important. Exercises such as yoga/meditation or pilates are also considered healthy.
Quit smoking: Smoking can hamper your joint health and it is best considered to stop smoking if you are a chain or regular smoker.
Be mindful: Be mindful before carrying or pushing heavyweights to avoid sustaining an injury in the joint.
Ignoring the pain doesn’t make it go away. Hence it is suggested to consult a medical physician.
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